Forests of India

India is not only famous for its diverse wildlife, architectural marvels and culture but also for its dense and vast forest cover. Indian climate befits the variety of flora and fauna.

Forest is the second largest land use in India next to agriculture. The forest cover of India is assessed as 67.83 million hectares which constitute 20.64 per cent of the country’s geographical area, ranging from the Himalayan Temperate to Dry Zone forests. The National Forest Policy stipulates that one-third of area should be under forest or tree cover. Being a mega-biodiversity country the nation possesses high level of endemism.
The forests play vital role in harboring more than 45,000 floral and 81,000 faunal species of which 5150 floral and 1837 faunal species are endemic. The nation has established 597 Protected Areas comprising 95 National Parks, 500 Wildlife Sanctuaries 2 conservation reserves covering 1.56 million ha area or 4.75 per cent geographical area of the country.
The rising demand for forest based products and resultant deforestation and encroachment has led to a severe loss of natural resources and destruction of habitat.
India is likely to face severe shortage of supply of timber to meet its requirement from both domestic and international front. It is estimated that the demand for timber is likely to grow from 58 million cubic metres in 2005 to 153 million cubic meters in 2020. The supply of wood is projected to increase from 29 million cubic meters in 2000 to 60 million cubic meters in 2020. As a result, the nation has to heavily depend on imports for meeting its growing demand. This could result in loss of high conservation value forests or loss of biodiversity else where.
The Living Planet Report 2006 ranked India as the third highest gross foot print nation, followed by US and China. India is presently 4 th largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity and is growing at 8-9 per cent per annum. This fast growth coupled with the needs and aspirations of more than one billion people is a challenge for conservation of forests unless environmentally responsible policies are in place. In this regard, the new strategy document of the Forest programme incorporated innovative approaches such as Payment for Forest Ecosystem Services (PES), Ecological Footprint Analysis and Forest Certification.
The identified priority landscapes for field level activities for strengthening conservation of forests and biodiversity are Western Arunachal Landscape (WAL) in eastern Himalayas and South Western Ghats Landscape (SWG L) in the Western Ghats. Besides, the programme continues to provide inputs and support to conservation programmes in other priority landscapes of WWF-India, including Terai Arc Landscape, Kanchanjunga Landscape, Sundarbans landscape.
The forests of India can be classified into several types. These are – Taiga type (consisting of pines, spruce, etc.) the mixed temperate forests with both coniferous and deciduous trees, the temperate forests, the sub tropical forests, the tropical forests, and the equatorial rainforests. But there are mainly six groups of forest in India these are – moist tropical, dry tropical, montane sub tropical, montane temperate, sub alpine, and alpine.These forests have a great relation with the surrounded atmosphere. The range of forest of India is very diverse. We can find here from the rain forest of Kerala in the South to the alpine pastures of Ladakh, from the desert of Rajasthan in the west to the evergreen forest in the North East.
Rainforest:These forests belong to the tropical wet climate group characterized by high rainfall. They play the role of cooling the air. In fact it has a vital role in global climate system. It also supports a very broad array of animals, birds, reptiles etc. The North eastern part of India is famous for the rain forest. The rain forest stretch of Arunachal Pradesh is considered as one of the largest elephant zone in India, through which more than 2000 elephants migrate to Arunachal Pradesh every year.
Tropical Rain Forests: Tropical rain forests are the result of heavy rain forest. Plants like coffee, bananas, chocolate, mangoes papayas, sugar cane etc came from tropical rain forest. It is the oldest form of forest in India.
Temperate Deciduous forests: These type of forest are available in the area where there is around 100 to 200 cms annual rainfall. The deciduous is also divided into two category moist and dry. Except the western and north western region these type of forest can be found in all most all the part of India.They are found on the lower slopes of the Siwalik Hills from Jammu to the West Bengal in the east. These forests include trees like sal and teak, mango, bamboo and rose wood. The dry deciduous forests are available in the Northern and Southern part of the India except in the North East. Madhya Pradesh, Gujrat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu are home to dry deciduous forest, which include sandalwood, khair, mahua, mango, jackfruit, wattle, bamboo, semal, sisasm, arjun, sisam etc.
Dry deciduous forests: These are found throughout the northern part of the country except in the Forest are irreplaceable and they provide shelter to many animals, reptiles, mammals, insects, birds and so many other things. The vast range of national park and wild life sanctuaries in India bear the witness of the rich lush green forest of India. For better crops and more rainfall more forest is always required. But now a days deforestation is one of the acute issue of global warming. So, the Government of India has a special measure for plantation of trees to cater this issue. Earth’s largest productive ecosystem is FOREST and we should SAVE FOREST.The Earth Safari Teamwww.theearthsafari.com

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Categories: Eco tourism, India, Nature, Tourism, Travel, Uncategorized, Wild India, Wildlife | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Tips for Travel in India

India is among the most colorful nations of the world and boasts of a rich history, culture and heritage. To get the most of your trip to India, it would be a good idea to equip yourself with useful information before you set out for a journey of a lifetime.

Getting In and Out

•To explore India, you need a valid passport and visa to India. Carry them at all times while enjoying a vacation in India. Notify your country’s embassy or consulate in case your passport is stolen or lost.
•One needs additional permits to go to certain destinations in India such as Andaman Islands, Gujarat, Ladakh, Kerala, and more. Check with your travel agent or embassy while planning your visit.
•15-Day visa extensions are granted under exceptional circumstances. If you intend to stay longer than 3 months on non-tourist visas there is a registration requirement. This registration makes the bearer eligible for domestic ticket prices.

Getting Around and About

 •Most cities have means of efficient local transportation such as taxis, auto rickshaws, cycle rickshaws, and buses. Private cabs can also be hired.
•It is important to carry an International Driving License if you wish to drive on your own.
•For inter-city and inter-state transport you can avail services of Indian Railways and domestic airlines. Buses, taxis and cabs also ferry people across cities and states.

Climate

 •It is best to visit Indian plains during cooler months from November to March.
•For a visit to mountainous regions of India, the months of April to October are better suited.

Food and Health

•Indian cuisine is a tad too spicy for European and American taste buds. Indulge in the gastronomical delights only if you have the stomach for it. Also, there are plenty of non-spicy cuisines and delicacies to choose from.
•You may occasionally need insect repellent cream. If you are allergic to dust, be sure to carry medication with you. Sunscreen is another must-have.

Smart Shopping

•Bargaining is the norm in local bazaars selling products without a written price. Resist the urge to buy without comparing prices from shops selling similar stuff.
•Be wary of roadside peddlers trying to sell you semi-precious and precious gems and jewelry. Visit state emporia and the Central Cottage Industries Emporia (most major cities have one) for fixed prices and a fair idea of the cost with a regular dealer.
•Trading in ivory, fur, animal skins, antiquities and the like is illegal. If you must have it, obtain a certificate of legitimate sale and permission for export before leaving the country.

Social Decorum

•Public display of affection is not appreciated and neither is public nudity unless perhaps one is at a beach.
•One is expected to cover the head before entering a religious place such as a temple or mosque.
•Ask for permission before clicking pictures of women and religious complexes. Some places charge for taking pictures while it is prohibited at a few places as well.

Do’s and Don’ts

•Do carry attested photocopies of your travel documents and keep the originals in a safely locked baggage.
•Do fill up a Currency Declaration Form along and a Disembarkation Card besides making an oral declaration of the luggage you are carrying.
•Do not smoke in public places.
•Do not give money to beggars.

The Earth Safari Team

www.theearthsafari.com

Categories: Holiday, India, Tourism, Travel, Uncategorized | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Responsible Ecotourism

Ecotourism (also known as ecological tourism) is travel to fragile, pristine, and usually protected areas that strive to be of low impact and (often) small scale. It helps educate the traveler; provides funds for conservation; directly benefits the economic development and political empowerment of local communities; and fosters respect for different cultures and for human rights.

Responsible Eco tourism is not only a good sounding word but also carries a deeper meaning. When it comes to wildlife, the beauty and the nature comes to the mind at once. It becomes the moral responsibility f all nature lovers esp. those visiting the ecological jungle to promote security, growth and beauty of the region.

It is also concerned with promoting the economies of the nearby regions of the national parks and sanctuaries. All the nearby populations who survive on the economy from the natural habitats are to be paid special care and attention by the government authorities and also by the tourists coming fro diverse global locations.

Eco-tourism focuses on local cultures, wilderness adventures, volunteering, personal growth and learning new ways to live on our vulnerable planet. It is typically defined as travel to destinations where the flora, fauna, and cultural heritage are the primary attractions. Responsible Eco-tourism includes programs that minimize the adverse effects of traditional tourism on the natural environment, and enhance the cultural integrity of local people. Therefore, in addition to evaluating environmental and cultural factors, initiatives by hospitality providers to promote recycling, energy efficiency, water reuse, and the creation of economic opportunities for local communities are an integral part of Eco-tourism.

How can we promote Eco tourism, by Minimizing impact

•  Build environmental and cultural awareness and respect

•  Provide positive experiences for both visitors and hosts

•  Provide direct financial benefits for conservation

•  Provide financial benefits and empowerment for local people

•  Raise sensitivity to host countries’ political, environmental, and social climate

•  Support international human rights and labor agreements.

The Earth Safari Team

www.theearthsafari.com

Categories: Conservation, Eco tourism, Holiday, India, Nature, Safari, Tourism, Travel, Uncategorized, Wild India, Wildlife | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Welcome to Wild India

Welcome to the land of Variety, welcome to India. India is a diverse ecosystem where thousands of varied flora and fauna co-exist just like its diverse culture, heritage, languages and what not. Indian Wildlife is never too different.
India is a land with 26 amazing World Heritage Sites, 13 Ramsar Sites  (plus Six New ) and 13 Biosphere Reserves, India is indeed a paradise. In addition to its birds and animals, India also boasts of over 20,000 species of insects, 2,000 species of butterfly, 142 species of frogs and over 700 species of fish. This makes India a wildlife heaven and also the ultimate destination for wildlife enthusiasts and lovers.
We as a team with an expertise in providing the best information, suggestions and a vast experience in the Indian Wildlife are dedicated to all the nature and wildlife lovers of the world and invite them to come to India to capture the magic of wild in their memories and camera for the life. We offer customized wildlife tour and safari packages that sit your interest, your living conditions, your budget and also the level of your thrill.
We have identified the richest natural history destinations and carefully developed itineraries that maximize wildlife and cultural experiences for you. We have brought together selection of the finest natural history, cultural and and adventure tours and trips
You are invited to come and join us for the most unforgettable times of your life through the Safari and tours of the Indian Wildlife where you may encounter the most shy to fiercest animals of the jungle. Your journey never stops at the wild also, you can accompany us to the nearby places which are famous for their own charm.

The Earth Safari Team

www.theearthsafari.com

Categories: Holiday, India, India Wildlife Safari, Indian Wildlife, Nature, Safari, Tourism, Travel, Uncategorized, Wild India, Wildlife | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

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